Nuclear Energy

Principles, Practices, and Prospects, Adult: General
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The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view of nuclear energy as an important carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weapon proliferation, and the cost of electric power. To provide background for these discussions, the book begins with chapters on the history of the development and use of nuclear energy, the health effects of ionizing radiation, and the basic physics principles of reactor operation.
The Motivation for Nuclear Energy.- Nuclear Power Development.- Radioactivity and Radiation Exposures.- Effects of Radiation Exposures.- Neutron Reactions.- Nuclear Fission.- Chain Reactions and Nuclear Reactors.- Types of Nuclear Reactors.- Nuclear Fuel Cycle.- Nuclear Waste Disposal: Amounts of Waste.- Storage and Disposal of Nuclear Wastes.- U.S. Waste Disposal Plans and the Yucca Mountain Repository.- Policy Issues in Nuclear Waste Disposal.- Nuclear Reactor Safety.- Nuclear Reactor Accidents.- Future Nuclear Reactors.- Nuclear Bombs, Nuclear Energy, and Terrorism.- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.- Costs of Electricity.- The Prospects for Nuclear Energy.
This second edition represents an extensive revision of the ?rst edition, - though the motivation for the book and the intended audiences, as described inthepreviouspreface,remainthesame. Theoveralllengthhasbeenincreased substantially, with revised or expanded discussions of a number of topics, - cluding Yucca Mountain repository plans, new reactor designs, health e?ects of radiation, costs of electricity, and dangers from terrorism and weapons p- liferation. The overall status of nuclear power has changed rather little over the past eight years. Nuclear reactor construction remains at a very low ebb in much of the world, with the exception of Asia, while nuclear power's share of the electricity supply continues to be about 75% in France and 20% in the United States. However,therearesignsofaheightenedinterestinconsideringpossible nuclear growth. In the late 1990s, the U. S. Department of Energy began new programs to stimulate research and planning for future reactors, and many candidate designs are now contending-at least on paper-to be the next generation leaders. Outside the United States, the commercial development ofthePebbleBedModularReactorisbeingpursuedinSouthAfrica,aFrench- German consortium has won an order from Finlandfor the long-plannedEPR (European Pressurized Water Reactor), and new reactors have been built or planned in Asia. In an unanticipated positive development for nuclear energy, the capacity factor of U. S. reactors has increased dramatically in recent years, and most operating reactors now appear headed for 20-year license renewals.
Autor: David Bodansky
ISBN-13:: 9780387207780
ISBN: 0387207783
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.10.2004
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Gewicht: 1133g
Seiten: 693
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 04002, 2nd ed
Sonstiges: Buch, 242x162x37 mm, 48 illustrations